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#OtvFACTS: Today In History [22nd March, 2015]

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Today in History
March 22

1622           Indians attack a group of colonists in the James River area of Virginia, killing 350 residents.
1630           The first legislation prohibiting gambling is enacted in Boston.
1664           Charles II gives large tracks of land from west of the Connecticut River to the east of Delaware Bay in North America to his brother James, the Duke of York.
1719           Frederick William abolishes serfdom on crown property in Prussia.
1765           The Stamp Act is passed, the first direct British tax on the American colonists.
1775           British statesman Edmund Burke makes a speech in the House of Commons, urging the government to adopt a policy of reconciliation with America.
1790           Thomas Jefferson becomes the first U.S. Secretary of State.
1794           Congress passes laws prohibiting slave trade with foreign countries although slavery remains legal in the United States.
1834           Horace Greeley publishes New Yorker, a weekly literary and news magazine and forerunner of Harold Ross’ more successful The New Yorker.
1901           Japan proclaims that it is determined to keep Russia from encroaching on Korea.
1904           The first color photograph is published in the London Daily Illustrated Mirror.
1907           Russians troops complete the evacuation of Manchuria in the face of advancing Japanese forces.
1915           A German Zepplin makes a night raid on Paris railway stations.
1919           The first international airline service is inaugurated on a weekly schedule between Paris and Brussels.
1933           President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a bill legalizing the sale and possession of beer and wine.
1935           Persia is renamed Iran.
1946           First U.S. built rocket to leave the Earth’s atmosphere reaches a 50-mile height.
1948           The United States announces a land reform plan for Korea.
1954           The London gold market reopens for the first time since 1939.
1968           President Lyndon Johnson names General William Westmoreland as Army Chief of Staff.
1972           The U.S. Senate passes the Equal Rights Amendment. The amendment fails to achieve ratification.
1974           The Viet Cong propose a new truce with the United States and South Vietnam, which includes general elections.
1990           A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, finds Captain Hazelwood not guilty in the Valdez oil spill.

Born on March 22
1599           Sir Anthony Van Dyck, Flemish artist, the namesake of the beard style.
1797           Wilhelm I, German emperor (1871-88)
1846           Randolph Caldecott, illustrator.
1907           James Gavin, U.S. Army general of the 82nd Airborne Division in WWII.
1908           Louis L’Amour, American Western novelist.
1923           Marcel Marceau, French mime.
1930           Stephen Sondheim, American composer and lyricist (A Little Night Music, Passion).
1948           Andrew Lloyd Webber, British composer (The Phantom of the Opera, Cats)

Compiled by: Rasaq Umar

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