1590 The Sultan of Morocco launches a
successful attack to capture Timbuktu.
1644 The Ming Chongzhen emperor commits
suicide by hanging himself.
1707 At the Battle of Almansa, Franco-Spanish
forces defeat the Anglo-Portugese forces.
1719 Daniel Defoe’s novel Robinson Crusoe is
published in London.
1792 The guillotine is first used to execute
highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier.
1859 Work begins on the Suez Canal in Egypt.
1862 Admiral Farragut occupies New Orleans,
1864 After facing defeat in the Red River
Campaign, Union General Nathaniel Bank returns to
1867 Tokyo is opened for foreign trade.
1882 French commander Henri Riviere seizes the
citadel of Hanoi in Indochina.
1898 The United States declares war on Spain.
1915 Australian and New Zealand troops land at
Gallipoli in Turkey.
1925 General Paul von Hindenburg takes office
as president of Germany.
1926 In Iran, Reza Kahn is crowned Shah and
chooses the name “Pehlevi.”
1926 Puccini’s opera Turandot premiers at La
Scala in Milan with Arturo Toscanini conducting.
1938 A seeing eye dog is used for the first time.
1945 U.S. and Soviet forces meet at Torgau,
Germany on Elbe River.
1951 After a three day fight against Chinese
Communist Forces, the Gloucestershire Regiment is
annihilated on “Gloucester Hill,” in Korea.
1953 The magazine Nature publishes an article
by biologists Francis Crick and James Watson,
describing the “double helix” of DNA.
1956 Elvis Presley’s “Heartbreak Hotel” goes to
number one on the charts.
1959 The St. Lawrence Seaway–linking the
Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes–opens to shipping.
1960 The first submerged circumnavigation of
the Earth is completed by a Triton submarine.
1962 A U.S. Ranger spacecraft crash lands on
1971 The country of Bangladesh is established.
1980 President Jimmy Carter tells the American
people about the hostage rescue disaster in Iran.
1982 In accordance with the Camp David
agreements, Israel completes a withdrawal from the
1990 Violeta Barrios de Chamorro begins a six
year term as Nicaragua’s president.
Born on April 25
1214 Louis IX, king of France (1226-1270).
1284 Edward II, king of England (1307-1327).
1599 Oliver Cromwell, lord protector of England
1873 Howard R. Garis, children’s writer.
1873 Walther de la Mare, poet and novelist
(Memoir of a Midget, Come Hither).
1874 Guglielmo Marconi, Italian physicist,
inventor of the radio.
1892 Maud Hart Lovelace, children’s author.
1908 Edward R. Murrow, war correspondent and
1912 Gladys L. Presley, mother of Elvis Presley.
1914 Ross Lockridge, Jr., novelist (Raintree
1917 Ella Fitzgerald, American singer.