Today in History
1461 The armies of two kings, Henry VI and
Edward IV, collide at Towton.
1638 A permanent European colony is
established in present-day Delaware.
1827 Composer Ludwig van Beethoven is buried
in Vienna amidst a crowd of over 10,000 mourners.
1847 U.S. troops under General Winfield Scott
take possession of the Mexican stronghold at Vera
1867 The United States purchases Alaska from
Russia for $7.2 million dollars.
1879 British troops of the 90th Light Infantry
Regiment repulse a major attack by Zulu tribesmen in
1886 Coca-Cola goes on sale for the first time at
a drugstore in Atlanta. Its inventor, Dr. John
Pemberton, claims it can cure anything from hysteria
to the common cold.
1903 A regular news service begins between
New York and London on Marconi’s wireless.
1913 The German government announces a
raise in taxes in order to finance the new military
1916 The Italians call off the fifth attack on
1936 Italy firebombs the Ethiopian city of Harar.
1941 The British sink five Italian warships off the
Peloponnesus coast in the Mediterranean.
1951 The Chinese reject Gen. Douglas
MacArthur’s offer for a truce in Korea.
1951 Rodgers and Hammerstein’s musical The
King and I opens on Broadway starring Gertrude
Lawrence and Yul Brynner.
1952 President Harry Truman removes himself
from the presidential race.
1961 The 23rd amendment, allowing residents of
Washington, D.C. to vote for president, is ratified.
1962 Cuba opens the trial of the Bay of Pigs
1966 Leonid Brezhenev becomes First Secretary
of the Soviet Communist Party. He denounces the
American policy in Vietnam and calls it one of
1967 France launches its first nuclear
1971 Lt. William L. Calley Jr. is found guilty for
his actions in the My Lai massacre.
1973 The last U.S. troops withdraw from South
1975 Egyptian president Anwar Sadat declares
that he will reopen the Suez Canal on June 5, 1975.
1976 Eight Ohio National Guardsmen are indicted
for shooting four Kent State students during an anti-
war protest on May 4, 1970.
1986 A court in Rome acquits six men in a plot
to kill the Pope.
Born on March 29
1790 John Tyler, 10th President of the United
1819 Edwin Drake, drilled the first productive oil
1835 Elihu Thomson, the English-born American
inventor of electric welding and arc lighting.
1867 Cy Young, major league baseball pitcher
with the most wins (509 or 511 total).
1875 Lou Henry Hoover, first lady President
1881 Raymond Hood, architect.
1888 James E. Casey, founder of the United
1910 Helen Wells, author of the Cherry Ames
1916 Eugene McCarthy, U.S. senator and
1918 Pearl Bailey, singer and actress.
1936 Judith Guest, novelist (Ordinary People).
Today in History