#OtvFACTS: Today In History [8th December, 2014]

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A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred
on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the
areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts,
entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in
history.
Today in History
December 8
1660 The first Shakespearian actress to appear on an
English stage (she is believed to be a Ms. Norris) makes her
debut as Desdemona.
1861 CSS Sumter captures the whaler Eben Dodge in the
Atlantic. The American Civil War is now affecting the
Northern whaling industry.
1863 Union General William Averell’s cavalry destroys
railroads in the southwestern part of West Virginia.
1914 The German cruisers Scharnhorst, Gneisenau,
Nurnberg, and Liepzig are sunk by a British force in the
Battle of the Falkland Islands.
1920 President Woodrow Wilson declines to send a
representative to the League of Nations in Geneva.
1932 Japan tells the League of Nations that it has no control
over her designs in China.
1941 Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita begins his
attack against the British army at Singapore.
1943 U.S. carrier-based planes sink two cruisers and down
72 planes in the Marshall Islands.
1944 The United States conducts the longest, most effective
air raid on the Pacific island of Iwo Jima.
1948 The United Nations approves the recognition of South
Korea.
1967 In the biggest battle yet in the Mekong Delta, 365 Viet
Cong are killed.
1968 South Vietnam’s Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky arrives
in Paris for peace talks.
1980 John Lennon is shot to death outside his Manhattan
apartment building.
1982 The Washington, D.C., police shoot and kill a man
threatening to blow up the Washington Monument.
1987 The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty signed.
1987 An Israeli army tank transporter kills 4 Palestinian
refugees and injures 7 others during a traffic accident at the
Erez Crossing on the border between Israel and the Gaza
Strip, leading to the First Intifada.
1991 The leaders of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine sign an
agreement that dissolves the Soviet Union and establishes
the Commonwealth of Independent States.
2004 The Cuzco Declaration signed in Cuzco, Peru,
establishing the South American Community of Nations.
2010 SpaceX becomes the first privately held company to
successfully launch, orbit and recover a spacecraft.
2010 The Japanese solar-sail spacecraft IKAROS passes the
planet Venus.
Born on December 8
65 BC Quintus “Horance” Horatius Flaccus, Roman poet and
satirist best known for his three books Odes.
1542 Mary, Queen of Scotland (1542-67).
1626 Christina, Queen of Sweden (1644-54).
1765 Eli Whitney, inventor of the cotton gin.
1894 James Thurber, American writer, cartoonist and editor
(The Secret Life of Walter Mitty).
1906 Richard Llewellyn, author (How Green Was My Valley).
1913 Delmore Schwartz, poet and writer.
1916 Richard Fleischer, film director, (20,000 Leagues Under
the Sea, Soylent Green).
1922 Jean Ritchie, singer, songwriter of folk music (“Blue
Diamond Mines”).
1925 Sammy Davis Jr., singer (“The Candy Man”), dancer,
actor (Ocean’s 11); member of the “Rat Pack”.
1930 Maximilian Schell, actor, writer, director, producer; won
Academy Award for Best Actor for Judgement at Nuremberg
(1961).
1933 Flip Wilson (Clerow Wilson Jr.), comedian and actor;
won a Golden Globe and two Emmy Awards for his 1970s
TV variety series, The Flip Wilson Show.
1939 Sir James Galway, virtuoso flute player known as “The
Man With the Golden Flute.”
1941 Bobby Elliott, drummer, member of the band The
Hollies.
1943 Jim Morrison, singer, songwriter, poet; lead singer for
The Doors and Rick & the Ravens.
1943 Larry Martin, paleontologist; leading opponent of the
“birds are living dinosaurs” theory.
1947 Gregg Allman, singer, songwriter, musician; founding
member of The Allman Brothers Band.
1953 Kim Basinger, actress, singer, producer; won Academy
Award for Best Supporting Actress for L.A. Confidential
(1997).
1964 Teri Hatcher, actress; Lois Lane on Lois & Clark: The
New Adventures of Superman TV series; won Golden Globe
for Best Actress as Susan Mayer on Desperate Housewives
TV series.
1966 Sinead O’Connor, Irish singer, songwriter; has
frequently generated controversy with her views on social
issues such as organized religion and women’s rights.

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