A chronological timetable of historical events that
occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the
day in the areas of military, politics, science, music,
sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what
happened today in history.
1587 Mary, Queen of Scots is beheaded in
Fotheringhay Castle for her alleged part in the
conspiracy to usurp Elizabeth I.
1807 At Eylau, Napoleon’s Marshal Pierre
Agureau attacks Russian forces in a heavy
1861 Delegates from seceded states adopt a
provisional Confederate Constitution.
1862 Union troops under Gen. Ambrose Burnside
defeat a Confederate defense force at the Battle of
Roanoke Island, N.C.
1865 Confederate raider William Quantrill and
men attack a group of Federal wagons at New Market,
1887 Congress passes the Dawes Act, which
gives citizenship to Indians living apart from their
1900 British General Buller is beaten at
Ladysmith, South Africa as the British flee over the
1904 In a surprise attack at Port Arthur, Korea,
the Japanese disable seven Russian warships.
1910 The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated.
1924 The gas chamber is used for the first time
to execute a murderer.
1942 The Japanese land on Singapore.
1943 British General Orde Wingate leads a
guerrilla force of “Chindits” against the Japanese in
1952 Elizabeth becomes Queen of England after
her father, King George VI, dies.
1962 The U.S. Defense Department reports the
creation of the Military Assistance Command in South
1965 South Vietnamese bomb the North
Vietnamese communications center at Vinh Linh.
1971 South Vietnamese ground forces, backed
by American air power, begin Operation Lam Son 719,
a 17,000 man incursion into Laos that ends three
weeks later in a disaster.
1990 CBS television temporarily suspends Andy
Rooney for his anti-gay and ant-black remarks in a
Born on February 8
412 St. Proclus, Patriarch of Constantinople
1820 William T. Sherman, Union general in the
American Civil War.
1828 Jules Verne, French novelist, one of the
first writers of science fiction (Twenty Thousand
Leagues Under the Sea).
1834 Dmitri Ivanovich Medeleyev, Russian
chemist, developed the periodic table of elements.
1851 Kate (O’Flaherty ) Chopin, novelist, short
story writer (The Awakening).
1906 Chester F. Carlson, physicist, inventor of
xerography, the electrostatic dry-copy process.
1906 Henry Roth, writer (Call it Sleep).
1911 Elizabeth Bishop, poet.
1926 Neal Cassaday, writer, counterculture
1931 James Dean, film actor and 1950s teenage
icon (Rebel Without a Cause, East of Eden, Giant).
1940 Ted Koppel, television journalist.