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Today In History [12th December, 2014]

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A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred
on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the
areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts,
entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in
history.
Today in History
December 12
1753 George Washington, the adjutant of Virginia, delivers
an ultimatum to the French forces at Fort Le Boeuf, south of
Lake Erie, reiterating Britain’s claim to the entire Ohio River
valley.
1770 The British soldiers responsible for the “Boston
Massacre” are acquitted on murder charges.
1862 The Union loses its first ship to a torpedo, USS Cairo,
in the Yazoo River.
1863 Orders are given in Richmond, Virginia, that no more
supplies from the Union should be received by Federal
prisoners.
1901 Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi receives the first
transatlantic radio transmission in St. John’s
Newfoundland.
1927 Communists forces seize Canton, China.
1930 The Spanish Civil War begins as rebels take a border
town.
1930 The last Allied troops withdraw from the Saar region in
Germany.
1931 Under pressure from the Communists in Canton,
Chiang Kai-shek resigns as president of the Nanking
Government but remains the head of the Nationalist
government that holds nominal rule over most of China.
1943 The German Army launches Operation Winter Tempest,
the relief of the Sixth Army trapped in Stalingrad.
1943 The exiled Czech government signs a treaty with the
Soviet Union for postwar cooperation.
1956 The United Nations calls for immediate Soviet
withdrawal from Hungary.
1964 Kenya becomes a republic.
1964 Three Buddhist leaders begin a hunger strike to protest
the government in Saigon.
1967 The United States ends the airlift of 6,500 men in
Vietnam.
1979 South Korean Army Major General Chun Doo-hwan,
acting without authorization from President Choi Kyu-ha,
orders the arrest of Army Chief of Staff General Jeong
Seung-hwa, alleging that the chief of staff was involved in
the assassination of ex-President Park Chung Hee.
1985 Arrow Air Flight 1285 crashes after takeoff at Gander,
Newfoundland; among the 256 dead are 236 members of the
US Army’s 101st Airborne Division.
1991 The Russian Federation becomes independent from the
USSR.
1995 Willie Brown beats incumbent mayor Frank Jordon to
become the first African-American mayor of San Francisco.
2000 The US Supreme Court announces its decision in Bush
v. Gore, effectively ending legal changes to the results of
that year’s Presidential election.
Born on December 12
1745 John Jay, first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who
negotiated treaties for the United States.
1805 William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist who
published The Liberator.
1821 Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (Madame Bovary, A
Simple Heart).
1863 Edvard Munch, Norwegian artist (The Scream).
1893 Edward G. Robinson, actor famous for gangster roles.
1897 Lillian Smith, Southern writer and civil rights activist.
1912 Henry Jackson Jr, boxer using the name Henry
Armstrong, the only fighter to hold 3 professional boxing
titles simultaneously.
1915 Frank Sinatra, American pop singer and actor.
1927 Robert Norton Noyce, co-inventor of the integrated
circuit.
1928 Helen Frankenthaler, abstract painter.
1929 John Osbourne, playwright and film producer (Look
Back in Anger).
1938 Connie Francis, singer.
1940 Dionne Warwick, singer, actress.
1943 Grover Washington Jr, singer, songwriter, musician,
producer.
1952 Cathy Rigby, gymnast, actress.

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